Two pointers is typically used for searching pairs in a sorted array satisfying some condition in linear time.

[Leetcode 15] 3Sum

Given an integer array nums, return all the triplets [nums[i], nums[j], nums[k]] such that i != j, i != k, and j != k, and nums[i] + nums[j] + nums[k] == 0.

Notice that the solution set must not contain duplicate triplets.

Example 1:

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Input: nums = [-1,0,1,2,-1,-4] Output: [[-1,-1,2],[-1,0,1]] Explanation: nums[0] + nums[1] + nums[2] = (-1) + 0 + 1 = 0. nums[1] + nums[2] + nums[4] = 0 + 1 + (-1) = 0. nums[0] + nums[3] + nums[4] = (-1) + 2 + (-1) = 0. The distinct triplets are [-1,0,1] and [-1,-1,2]. Notice that the order of the output and the order of the triplets does not matter.

Example 2:

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Input: nums = [0,1,1] Output: [] Explanation: The only possible triplet does not sum up to 0.

Example 3:

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Input: nums = [0,0,0] Output: [[0,0,0]] Explanation: The only possible triplet sums up to 0.