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RAID - Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks

RAID stands for Redundant Array of Inexpensive (Independent) Disks. On most situations you will be using one of the following four levels of RAIDs.

  • RAID 0
  • RAID 1
  • RAID 5(6)
  • RAID 10 (also known as RAID 1+0)

RAID 0

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Following are the key points to remember for RAID level 0.

  • Minimum 2 disks.
  • Excellent performance (as blocks are striped).
  • No redundancy (no mirror, no parity).
  • Don’t use this for any critical system.

RAID 1

Image

Following are the key points to remember for RAID level 1.

  • Minimum 2 disks.
  • Good performance (no striping. no parity).
  • Excellent redundancy (as blocks are mirrored).

RAID 5(6)

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Following are the key points to remember for RAID level 5.

  • Minimum 3 disks.
  • Good performance (as blocks are striped).
  • Good redundancy (distributed parity).
  • Best cost-effective option providing both performance and redundancy. Use this for DB that is heavily read oriented. Write operations will be slow.

RAID6 allows two disks failure while RAID5 allows only one disk failure.

RAID 10

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Following are the key points to remember for RAID level 10.

  • Minimum 4 disks.
  • This is also called as “stripe of mirrors”
  • Excellent redundancy (as blocks are mirrored)
  • Excellent performance (as blocks are striped)
  • If you can afford the dollar, this is the BEST option for any mission critical applications (especially databases).

References

This post is licensed under CC BY 4.0 by the author.

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